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ACCESSIBILITY FEATURES

THE BEGINNING OF THE RECORD INDUSTRY

IN THE BASQUE COUNTRY


Columbia Records Factory (1935-1957)


After the dissolution of the Columbia Graphophone Company, Juan Inurrieta began his solo venture. In the first general catalog of the factory published in 1936 and contained all the albums released until the end of December 1935, it was warned that "The words Columbia, Graphophone, Two musical notes, Radiofonola, Fonorradiola, Iberia, Apollo, are duly registered to designate records, electronic devices, needles, etc. The management

La voz de Guipúzcoa (1927)

This catalog contains a lot of the references of Regal label, which was used by the "Columbia Graphophone Company SAE". But, since then, these records were labeled again as Columbia. They were those records whose matrices were not owned by the British company: Spanish music, spoken word archive, zarzuelas, folk music, etc. Among the records of Basque music to which were assigned new references, it is worth stressing the first commercial album recorded by improvisers (Asteasu y Txirrita N 1176, before RS 53811), also bands like the Irutxulo and the Municipal Band of San Sebastian, the Pello Errota Group, the Choirs from San Sebastian and the Poxpoliñas, the "Usurbe" quartet, the pipers from Regil, the Ochote Sietecallero of Bilbao, the Orfeón Donostiarra, the Schola Cantorum Saint Cecily from Bilbao and the triki-trixas from Elgoibar, Gipuzkoa and Zumarraga, as well as the txistu performers from Renteria and San Sebastian, among others. They all were previously published under the Regal label.

 

 

All manufacturing processes were performed in the Columbia Records Factory. It had several departments: printing, laboratory, etc. The labels to adhere to the records and the sleeves were made in the printing house of the factory. It also had a chemical department to make the matrices of the records. They used to make use of the bath of the matrices to manufacture gramophone needles, and also to produce knitting needles. They also built a recording studio where they recorded the most popular music, although Columbia recordings reached remote places such as Angola, where they made some recordings for Portugal and even they came to consider setting up a factory there.


 1 Bertsolarien lehenengo grabazio komertziala. On line: http://www.errenteria.net/es/ficheros/40_10387es.pdf


ERESBIL

Basque archives of music
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